Five Hindrances

Five Hindrances

The five hindrances are mental obstacles that hinder the mind from meditative concentration.  Beyond that, they also hinder the mind from wisdom in general, which means that they don’t just operate during meditation, they also operate in daily life. The five are:...
Mindfulness of Dharmas

Mindfulness of Dharmas

(Context: How to Establish Right Mindfulness) The final foundation of mindfulness is the mindfulness of dharmas (or dhammas in Pali, and dharmas in both Sanskrit and English).  Dharmas here is often translated as “mental objects”, which is an awful translation because...
Mindfulness of Mind (Citta)

Mindfulness of Mind (Citta)

“Can you teach my stepmother mindfulness? She is not using the mirror for self-examination.” (Context: How to Establish Right Mindfulness) Mindfulness of mind refers to awareness of the general state and level of consciousness, which is determined by its...
Mindfulness of Sensations (Vedanā)

Mindfulness of Sensations (Vedanā)

(Context: How to Establish Right Mindfulness) The Pali word vedanā can be translated either as “sensations” or “feelings”.  In fact, I had a long debate with myself which translation to use (and like all debates with myself, I ultimately won). ...
Mindfulness of the Body

Mindfulness of the Body

(Context: How to Establish Right Mindfulness) Mindfulness of the body constitutes a sizable part of the establishment of mindfulness.  When I was a beginner, I was surprised how much importance the Buddha placed in the mindfulness of the body.  He said, for...