Right Samadhi and the Four Jhānas

Right Samadhi and the Four Jhānas

The Noble Five-Factored Right Samadhi Right samadhi refers to the four jhānas.  The word jhāna literally means “meditation”, but when the Buddha uses that word, he is referring to a specific collection of four increasingly refined states of meditative...
Five Hindrances

Five Hindrances

The five hindrances are mental obstacles that hinder the mind from meditative concentration.  Beyond that, they also hinder the mind from wisdom in general, which means that they don’t just operate during meditation, they also operate in daily life. The five are:...
Mindfulness of Dharmas

Mindfulness of Dharmas

(Context: How to Establish Right Mindfulness) The final foundation of mindfulness is the mindfulness of dharmas (or dhammas in Pali, and dharmas in both Sanskrit and English).  Dharmas here is often translated as “mental objects”, which is an awful translation because...